This letter was written by sevral organisations involved in European campaign against TTIP and CETA, following the July 2015 civil society strategy meeting.

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Open letter to

European Governments,
Members of Parliaments,
the Council of the European Union

Subject: Will the first transatlantic treaty be signed soon? CETA: TTIP’s precursor or ‘Trojan horse’

Dear Elected Representatives,

Governments and parliaments will be faced in the coming months with a major choice: in order to preserve the capacity of democratic institutions, European, national and local, to implement measures protecting citizens’ rights and health, are they willing to prevent the signature of the “CETA” transatlantic treaty, which opens the door to TTIP?

A year ago, at an EU-Canada summit on September 25-26th 2014, the CETA (Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement) negotiations were declared “concluded” and the 1600 pages text published, and it could be submitted soon to European governments to be signed. Signing CETA would mean accepting to expose ourselves for the first time to new mechanisms that will reduce policy space of democratic decision making in Europe and take away chunks of political power from governments and parliaments to delegate them to supra-national unelected bodies. They include a “regulatory cooperation forum” aiming to prevent regulatory divergence, “Investor-to-States arbitration panels” able to make governments pays millions if they affect or even threaten transnational companies’ profits and State-to-State dispute settlement bodies capable of imposing trade sanctions on States e.g. if they regulate economic services sectors in a way that are not explicitly protected from liberalisation in a “negative list”, while at the same time the sanctions cannot in any way enforce fundamental workers’ rights or environmental standards. These are the same mechanisms that are heavily contested in the TTIP (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership), currently under negotiations between the US and the EU.

In the last two years you may have heard the debate growing in Europe. Millions of European citizens expressed an unprecedented level of concern over the Transatlantic treaty called “TTIP”. The TTIP considers high health, labour, environment protection rules as costs that should be minimised and obstacles to trade to be lowered. That the business world and more specifically the lobbies of transnational firms were historically the first to suggest TTIP, and are still the main supporters of it, while millions of citizens and a wide variety of large civil society groups including consumers, workers, health, environment, human rights and even SMEs defenders have expressed their concerns, should be an eye-opener.

While the TTIP is still under negotiation, a number of its concrete damages on our health, environment and social standards could materialise soon through the other transatlantic treaty: CETA. If signed, CETA would be the first so called EU “new generation trade deal” with a G7 country, introducing these new dangerous provisions. The “ISDS” arbitration clause would allow Canadian corporations to sue European States if public interest decisions affect their profit in arbitration panels which are private and fundamentally flawed. What is presented by The European Commission as reformed version of this system in CETA is actually a mechanism that remains structurally biased and the necessity of which still has not been successfully established, especially in the case of the well-developed and reliable judicial systems that exist in the US, Canada and the EU. It would still allow panels based on a commercial arbitration model to sentence States to pay millions for a public interest measure that affects profits if the panel finds it disproportionate or unnecessary. It is still structurally biased towards investors because only they can activate this highly lucrative system, so the very existence of the system and the job of arbitrators depend on their capacity to attract investors to introduce more claims. Some European states already have such a provision in force in other treaties and they have been sued for public interest decisions. For instance, this arbitration system is currently being used by a Canadian mining company to challenge Romania’s democratic decision to prevent the opening of the biggest and strongly contested open-pit gold mine in Europe. Worse: the CETA would widen the scope of ISDS much beyond just Canadian companies. It would already allow companies from the US to sue European States through their Canadian subsidiaries. CETA would be the first treaty at European level to expose European public measures to such lawsuits. After undergoing an extensive debate about this “ISDS” provision in TTIP (investor-to-state dispute settlement mechanism), we cannot allow CETA to simply go through with it.

From all sides of the political spectrum we have heard commitments that TTIP should not just be accepted at any price and that the final text would need to be assessed. One year after it was published, the few analyses of the 1600 pages CETA text show that it does not meet any kind of minimal criteria of acceptability and no comprehensive public assessment has been made. The CETA is a major test of our elected representatives’ ability to challenge hazardous treaties since ISDS is just one of the many dangerous mechanisms that CETA will bring to Europe.

The by-default liberalisation of services included in the deal, takes away part of the decision making capacity on the future of our economy and public services from the hands of elected policy makers. A systematic analysis remains to be done of which existing economic regulations (or which can be voted on currently in each country) will be subject to repeal or forbidden by CETA. For instance, some Member States have fully excluded their social security systems from liberalisation, others have not. The exact implications in each Member State need deeper analysis.

CETA’s regulatory cooperation mechanism creates a labyrinth of red tape for regulators and policy makers willing to protect people and the environment, and increases the influence of corporate lobbies over the regulatory process.

Canada asked during the negotiations to include sanctions in case of non-compliance with International labour standards. The European Commission refused. How can governments that are committed to protect their citizens, accept signing a deal where trade and investment provisions are highly enforceable trough dissuasive sanctions but labour rights are so belittled that they are simply mentioned but without any enforceability? More detailed analysis of CETA can be found at

Based on the limited available information, it is possible that CETA could be submitted to the signature of each of the 28 European governments still in 2015 to be then approved by the Council and the European Parliament as early as spring 2016. After that, CETA could already be ‘provisionally implemented’ although it hasn’t been voted on by Member States’ parliaments. That is why we cannot wait to act until CETA’s national ratification stage to have the long overdue public debate, with national parliaments and governments, and we must stop CETA now.

Legislators are entitled to ask if sufficient information about CETA’s implications on citizens’ lives has been produced to take any decision on it. Over 2.5 million European Citizens already affirmed their will to stop CETA. Our voices must be taken into account. 

We ask our governments

  • to commission comprehensive analyses of this text – including implications for human rights, health, employment, environment, democratic policy space – in order for elected representatives to do their due diligence in protecting the public good, to answer the pending fundamental questions on CETA and organise widely concerted forums around them.

  • to refuse to sign CETA at least until we have credible answers to these questions. In our opinion, the hypothetical 0.09% extra-growth, predicted in the 2008 pre-negotiations study, do not justify blindly signing a treaty that is primarily designed by corporate lobbies to increase pressure on our democracy and our rights.

We ask Members of Parliaments to exercise their role of government control by calling on their governments to refuse to sign CETA. Ways to do that include asking the serious questions raised above which need answers before any approval decision can be taken, organising public hearings and voting resolutions to oppose CETA’s signature. We cannot wait for the national ratification stage; now is the time for governments to refuse to sign.

We are willing to meet with you to discuss the 1600 paged CETA text and its impacts on citizens’ lives. Before any decision can be made, many questions remain to be answered.


    Your name

    Your Organisation



    Read more about CETA.

    Download the Dutch version: Vertaling open brief CETA

    Abf Spain
    Acció Ecologista-Agró España
    Accion en red Spain
    Afrika Kontakt Denmark
    AITEC/ATTAC France
    Aktionsbuendnis Graz Austria
    Amigos de la Tierra Amigos de la Tierra
    Amigos de la Tierra España Spain
    anova-IN España
    Anova-Irmandade Nacionalista Galiza
    Área federal de medio ambiente de izquierda Unida España
    Asamblea de Parad@s de Canarias Autogestionaria Spain (Canary Islands)
    ASNAI Germany
    Attac España
    ATTAC Andalucia España
    Attac Austria Austria
    ATTAC BIZKAIA Basque Coyntry
    ATTAC en Aragon Spain
    Attac extremadura España
    Attac Germany Germany
    Attac Jerez España
    Attac Luxembourg Luxembourg
    Attac Madrid Spain
    ATTAC Mallorca España
    ATTAC Munich Germany
    ATTAC PV-Castelló España
    Attac-Vorarlberg Austria
    ATTC País Valencià Spain
    BI gegen Gasbohren Kleve Germany
    Bundesverband Naturkost Naturwaren (BNN) e.V. Germany
    Campact e.V. Germany
    Campaña NO al TTIP-Valencia Spain
    Campanya Catalunya No al TTIP Spain (Catalonia)
    Campanya NO al TTIP Comarques de CastellÓ España
    Canadian Union of Postal Workers Canada
    CEDSALA Valencia. España
    Center for Encounters and Active Non-Violence Austria
    CGSP Belgium
    CGT Spain
    CGT (rr.ii.) Spain
    CGT Segovia Spain
    CGT-LKN Bizkaia españa
    cgtcantabria españa
    Chamiso Spain
    Civilek a csvicze Mecsekért Mozgalom Hungary
    CNCD-11.11.11 Belgium
    CNE (csc) Belgium
    Comité pour une Paix Juste au Proche-Orient Luxembourg
    Confederación General del Trabajo (CGT) Spain
    Congreso de los diputadoss España
    Constituyentes Valencia España
    Coordination eau île-de-france France
    Corporate Europe Observatory Belgium
    Council of Canadians, London Chapter Canada
    Council of Canadians/Conseil des Canadiens Canada
    Déi Lénk Luxembourg
    Dental Office Echternach Luxembourg
    DIE LINKE Österreich Austria
    ECOAR))) Galiza
    Ecologistas en Acción Spain
    ELA Basque Country
    Entraide et Fraternité Belgique
    EPSU Belgium
    EQUO Spain
    EthiqueInvest Ixelles Belgium
    European Federation of Public Service Unions Belgium
    EVDSZ Magyar
    FACUA-Consumers in Action Spain
    Fairwatch Italy
    FEC Spain
    Federation of Young European Greens Belgium
    FESIBAC-CGT España
    Forschungs- und Dokumentationszentrum Chile-Lateinamerika e.V. Germany
    Friends of the Earth Europe Belgium / EU
    Fundación por una Europa de los Ciudadanos Spain
    Georgian Young Greens Georgia
    Global Justice Now UK
    GMB UK
    Greenpeace Europe + Canada
    Greenpeace Belgium Belgium
    Grüne Bildungswerkstatt NÖ Austria
    Grupo de Difusión de Información sobre el TTIP Spain
    Hazards Campaign UK
    Hortinha Comunitaria Portugal
    Independiente Libre Alai España
    iriarte españa
    izquierda unida España
    Justice and peace Spain
    Katholische ArbeitnehmerInnen Bewegung der Erzdiözese Wien Austria
    Keep Ireland Fracking Free Ireland
    Luxembourg Against Racism Luxembourg
    Maison du Peuple d’Europe Belgium
    Marchas de la DIGNIDAD 22M España
    May Day Denmark
    Milagros Doncel Muro españa
    Mouvement Ecologique asbl Luxembourg
    MTVSZ / Friends of the Earth Hungary Hungary
    National Farmers Union ( former president) Canada
    Naturfreunde Internationale Austria
    NOAH Friends of the Earth Denmark Denmark
    Oikos Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Portugal
    OurNHS openDemocracy United Kingdom
    Pag madrid Madrid
    Partido X Spain
    Party for Eco-socialism and Sustainable Development of Slovenia – TRS (Stranka za ekosocializem in trajnostni razvoj Slovenije – TRS) Slovenia
    Piratas de Galicia Spain
    Plataforma Iniciativa Animalista Països Catalans
    PowerShift e.V. Germany
    PRC Italia
    Procés Constituent Spain (Catalonia)
    Rettet den Regenwald /Rainforest Rescue Germany
    Santé Environnement Rhône-Alpes France
    Schaerbeek Hors TTIP Belgium
    Secretaria General de Podemos Seseña-Toledo-España Spain
    SeniorInnenAttac Austria
    siu of canada canada
    Society Movement for Sustainable Development of Slovenia – TRS (društvo gibanje za trajnostni razvoj Slovenije – TRS9 Slovenia
    STEI-Intersindical de les Illes Balears Illes Balears-España
    Stop Tafta Luxembourg Luxembourg
    Stop TTIP CZ Czech Republic
    Stop-TTIP Denmark Denmark
    StopTTIP uk United Kingdom
    Umanotera Slovenia
    Union Sindical Obrera (USO) Spain
    Uran Kosice STOP Slovakia
    Varias España
    Védegylet / Protect the Future Hungary
    VerdsEquo Pais Valencià Spain
    War on Want UK
    WEED – World Economy, Ecology & Development Germany
    WeMove.EU Spain, France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, Belgium
    Writer Canada
    Writer Canada
    Xnet Spain
    Youth Stop AIDS United Kingdom